고등학교 수능 필수 숙어 445

1) attribute ~ to ; ~에 돌리다
She attributed her success to good luck.

2) be subject to ; 지배를 받다. ~에 따라야 하다. ~되기 쉽다
We are all subject to the laws of nature.
Children are subject to their parents.
Men are subject to temptation.

3) hold good, hold true ; 유효하다
The promise still holds good.

4) cope with ; 대처하다.
The Government did not know how to cope with the situation.

5) make both ends meet ; 수지를 맞추다. 빚을 지지 않고 지내다.
With a limited income and large expenses, it is difficult to make both ends meet.

6) know better(than to) ; ~하지 않을 정도는 알고 있다.
I know better than to quarrel.

7) turn up ; 모습을 나타내다
He turned up an hour later.

8) take ~ into account, take account of ; ~을 참작하다
You should be employed with taking into account what is fit for you.

9) for one’s life ; 필사적으로
He ran for his life.

10) make a point of ~ing; 습관적으로 꼭 ~하다
He makes a point of attending any meeting.

11) do away with ; ~을 없애다
This practice should be done away with.

12) as good as ; ~한 것이나 마찬가지
He is as good as dead.

13) give way (to) ; ~에게 지다
You must not give way to temptation.

14) make up for ; ~을 보충하다
Lost time could not be made up for.

15) come near~ing; ~거의 ~할 지경이다
The child came near being drowned.

16) at a loss ; 어찌할 줄 몰라, 당황하여
I was so surprised that I was quite at a loss for words.

17) as ~, so ; ~와 마찬가지로
As with children, so with men, they like to be praised.

18) A is to B what X is to Y
A가 B에 대한 관계는 마치, X가 Y에 대한 관계와 같다

Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.

19) see to ; ~을 돌보다
I’ll see to the patient.

20) see (to it) that ; ~에 주의하다
Please see (to it) that the work is done properly.

21) what with A and what with B: A 와 B 때문에
what by A and what by B: A와 B에 의하여
What with the cold, and what with the rain, we were miserable.
What by policy, and what by force he always accomplishes his purpose.

22) not so much as ; ~조차없다
I had not so much as heard of it.

23) irrespective of ; ~에 관계없이
It must be done irrespective of cost.

24) regardless of ; ~에 관계없이
Regardless of her faults, I love her.

25) refer to ; ~에 언급하다
Your remark refers to the opinion I expressed yesterday.

26) leave nothing to be desired ; 조금도 아쉬운 점이 없다
The plans leave nothing to be desired.

27) no more than ; 다만 ~ 뿐(= only)
He wrote no more than three novels.

28) not more than ; 기껏해야, 고작(= at most)
He has not more than five dollars.

29) no less than ; ~만큼이나 (=as many as, as much as)
He gave me no less than 500 dollars.

30) not less than ; 적어도(=at least)
He has not less than 100 dollars.

31) come home to ; ~이 가슴에 깊이 사무치다
Her last word came home to me.

32) count on (upon) ; ~을 믿다, 기대하다(=rely on, depend on)
You’d better not count on a raise.

33) be due to ; 마땅히 지불해야 한다, 당연히 줘야 한다
The rent is due to you tomorrow. Respect is due to the scholar.

34) no more ~ than ; ~이 아닌 것은 ~이 아닌 것과 같다
The whale is no more a fish than a horse is.

35) on good (bad) terms with: ~와 사이가 좋다(나쁘다)
Now I am on good terms with my father.

36) do without ; ~없이 지내다 (해나가다) (=go without)
I cannot do without an overcoat in this cold region

37) dispense with ; ~없이 지내다(해나가다)
Machinery dispenses with much labor.

38) have done with ; 을 끝내다
Let’s have done with vain regrets.

39) have to do with ; ~와 관계가 있다
have nothing to do with ; ~와 관계가 없다.
Chance had nothing to do with the invention of modern steam engine.

40) such as it is ; 보잘 것 없는 것이지만
You may use my car, such as it is

41) on second thought(s) ; 다시 생각하여
On second thought, I feel guilty about the way I treated her.

42) at one’s wits’ end ; 어찌할 바를 몰라(서)
It was all in vain, and I was at my wits’ end

43) in the way, in one’s way: 방해가 되어
I’m sorry to be in the way.

44) have one’s (own)way: 제멋대로 하다
He had his own way in everything.

45) anything but ; ~외에는 무엇이든(=never)
I will do anything but that.

46) nothing but ; 다만(=only)
Nothing but peace can save the world.

47) much more~, still more~: 하물며(말할 것도 없이)~이다
He can speak French, much more English.

48) not ~ much less~ not ~ still less ~: 하물며(더욱이)~은 아니다
He cannot speak English, much less French

49) for good(and all) ; 영원히
I am going for good(and all).

50) for a rainy day ~against a rainy day: 만일의 재난에 대비하여
Keep something for a rainy day.

51) be bound for~ ; 행(行)이다
The ship is bound for China.

52) like so many ; 마치 ~처럼
All stood staring at me like so many wolves.

53) turn out ; ~을 끄다, ~로 판명되다.(=prove)
He turned out the gas. It turned out (to be)true.

54) feed on ; ~을 먹고 살다 (=live on)
Cows feed on grass.

55) from hand to mouth ; 하루 벌어 하루 먹는
Most of the laborers are living from hand to mouth

56) insist on (upon) ; 고집하다, 주장하다
Shylock still insisted upon having a pound of Antonio’s flesh.

57) look on ~as: ~을 ~으로 여기다(간주하다)
Do you look on him as a patriot.

58) at any rate: 하여튼
At any rate it will be a good experience for you.

59) take ~ by surprise ; 기습하다
Our troops at last took the enemy’s fortress by surprise.

60) cannot ~ too: ~아무리~해도 지나치지 않다
You cannot be too diligent.

61) keep in touch with: ~와 접촉(연락)을 유지하다
Keep in touch with her while I amaway

62) take after: ~을 닮다
These two girls take after their mother in appearance.

63) dispose of: 처분(처리)하다
He has disposed of his house and land.

64) read between the lines: 글 뒤에 숨은 뜻을 읽다
This passage requires you to read between the lines.

65) in charge of: ~을 맡고 있는
She is the nurse in charge of the patient.

66) get the better of: ~를 이기다
I got the better of him in mathematics.

67) bring ~home to: ~을 절실히 느끼게 하다
These facts bring home to us how much we owe to science.

68) take (it) for granted: ~을 당연한 것으로 생각하다
I took it for granted that you would join.

69) cannot make head or tail of: 뭐가 뭔지 이해할 수 없다
I have read through this book carefully but I can’t make head or tail of it.

70) at the expense (cost) of: ~을 희생하여
He did it at the expense of his health.

71) allow for: ~을 고려하다
make allowance(s) for, You should allow for his youth.

72) take advantage of: ~을 이용하다
Try and take advantage of every opportunity of speaking English

73) fall on: (어떤 일시에)해당하다
To our regret, the holiday falls on Sunday

74) a good (great) deal of: 많은
He had a great deal of love for mankind

75) with a view to ~ing: ~할 목적으로
He went to France with a view to studying French.

76) do justice to: ~을 공정하게 평하다
It is impossible to do justice to the subject in a short article.

77) be to +Root: ~하기로 되어있다(예정), ~해야 한다(의무), ~할 수 있다(가능), ~하려면(의도), ~할 운명이다(운명)
We are to meet at 5.
You are to obey your parents.
Not a soul was to be seen.
If you are to succeed you must work hard.
He was never to see his home again.

78) be on the point of ~ing: 막 ~하려고 하다
The train was on the point of starting.

79) to the point, to the purpose: 요령이 있는
Their answers are brief, but to the point.

80) so ~that: 매우 ~하므로
He was so angry that he could not speak.

81) such ~that: 매우 ~하므로
He was such a fine gentleman that everybody respected him.

82) so ~as to +Root: ~할만큼 ~이다
He was so angry as to be unable to speak.

83) so as to + Root: ~하기 위하여
Walk fast so as to be in time for the train.

84) make out: ~을 이해하다
No one could make out what he said.

85) may well: ~하는 것도 당연하다
You may well say so.

86) may as well: ~하는 게 좋다
You may as well go at once.

87) might as well ~ as: ~하는 것은 ~하는 것이나 마찬가지다
You might as well throw money away as spend it in gambling.

88) no better than: ~이나 마찬가지다
He was no better than a beggar.

89) It is worth while to + Root: (be) worth ~ing ; ~할 가치가 있다.
It is worth while to see the museum.

90) take turns: ~을 교대로 하다
We took turns in watching the sick.

91) in that: ~이라는 점에서
Men differ from brutes in that they can think and speak.

92) bring about: 일으키다
His folly has brought about his ruin.

93) bring up: 기르다, 교육하다
She was brought up to behave politely.

94) hand down: 물려주다
The story will be handed down to posterity.

95) turn down: 거절하다
She turned down every suitor.

96) It goes without saying that ~ : ~은 물론이다
It goes without saying that all men are equal in the eye of the law

97) look up to: ~을 존경하다
They all looked up to him as their leader.

98) look down upon: 경멸하다
There are those whom we look down on as poor.

99) beside the mark: 빗나간
Your guess is beside the mark.

100) be true of: 해당되다
It is true of everybody else

101) for my part: 나로서는
For may part I have no objection to it.

102) as for: ~에 관해서는
As for me. I have nothing to repent of.

103) as to: ~에 관하여
There was some doubt as to the truth of his statement.

104) take one’s time: 천천히 하다
You should take your time doing the task.

105) of one’s own ~ing: 자기 자신이 ~한
They reap the harvest of their own sowing.

106) far from(-ing): ~하기는 커녕
Far from reading the letter, he did not open it.

107) rule out: 제외하다
The regulations ruled out anyone under age.

108) in advance: 미리
Please let me know the time of your arrival in advance,

109) cut a fine figure: 이채를 띠다
The scientist cut a fine figure in the history of human progress.

110) the last ~ to the last ~ that ~: 결코 ~ 할 것 같지 않은
He is the last man to do such a thing.

111) in high (low) spirits: 기분 좋게(기분 나쁘게)
We proceeded in high spirits towards our friend’s home.

112) at times(intervals): 때때로
She was very much distressed at times.

113) leave no room for there is no room for: ~의 여지가 없다
That leaves no room for improvement.

114) have no idea, have no notion: ~을 알지 못하다
He has no idea of what I mean.

115) figure out: 이해하다, 계산해 내다, 생각해 내다.
I can’t figure out what he’s trying to say.

116) be about to Root: 막 ~하려고 하다
I am just about to call you.

117) carry out: 실행하다
Plans once made, should be carried out.

118) put up with : ~을 참다
I could not put up with his insolence.

119) cannot but + Root: ~하지 않을 수 없다
I could not but laugh.

120) cannot help ~ing: 하지 않을 수 없다
I cannot help sympathizing with him.

121) never ~ but: 하면 반드시 ~하다
It never rains but it pours.
I never see but I think of my father.

122) never ~ without ~ing: ~하면 반드시~하다
They never meet without quarreling.

123) in order to + Root, in order that ~may, (so)that ~ may: ~하기 위하여
He worked hard in order to succeed.
He worked hard in order that he might succeed.
He worked hard (so) that he might succeed.
He worked hard so as to succeed.

124) ask a favor of: ~에게 부탁하다
May I ask a favor of you?

125) the+비교급, the+비교급: ~하면 할수록 더 ~하다
The more, the merrier.

126) (all) the + 비교급 + for, (all) the + 비교급 + because: 더욱더
He is the worse for the operation.

127) more often than not: 가끔
During foggy weather the trains are late more often than not.

128) would rather ~ than, had rather ~ than:~하느니 차라리 ~하겠다
I would rather die than disgrace myself.

129) take on: 고용하다
The manager has agreed to take him on.

130) call it a day: 마치기로 하다
Now, let’s call it a day.

131) the one ~ the other: 전자 ~후자

Virtue and vice are before you: the one leads to happiness, the other to misery.

132) the former ~ the latter: 전자 ~후자
Canada and the United States are in North America; the former lies north of the latter.

133) keep abreast of ; ~에 뒤떨어지지 않게 하다, 소식을[정보를] 계속 접하다.
It is rather difficult for an old man to keep abreast of the times.

134) keep up with: ~에 뒤떨어지지 않게 하다
We should make every effort to keep up with the times.

135) provide ~ with: ~을 공급하다
The trees provide us with fruit

136) provide for: ~에 대비하다, ~을 가능하게 하다[허용하다]

We must provide for the future.

137) be free of: ~이 면제되다
These goods are free of duty (tax)

138) in the long run: 결국
We found in the long run that
the prophecy had been right.

139) amount to: ~에 이르다
Your debt amounts to 1,000 dollars.

140) object to ; ~에 반대하다
They all objected to the plan.

141) for all: ~에도 불구하고
For all his wealth, he wouldn’t give a penny.

142) account for: ~을 설명하다
Y ou have to account for what youhave done.

143) answer for: ~의 책임을 지다
You must answer for the consequences.

144) one thing ~ another: ~과 ~은 별개이다
To know is one thing; to teach is another.

145) be equal to: ~와 같다
He is not equal to the task.

146) once in a while: 가끔
Such newspapers were not published regularly every day but only once in a while.

147) dwell on (upon): ~에 대해 자세히 말하다
He dwell on the importance on education.

148) apply oneself to: ~에 전념하다
He applied himself to learning French.

149) apply to: ~에게 적용되다
The rule applies to this case.

150) apply for: ~을 지원하다
Many people applied for the position.

151) to make matters worse: 설상가상으로
To make matters worse, he has lost self confidence.

152) what is worse: 설상가상으로
What is worse, it began to rain

153) rain cats and dogs ; 비가 억수같이 쏟아지다
It was starting to rain cats and dogs.

154) stick to: ~을 고수하다
He sticks to nothing to the last.

155) by leaps and bounds: 척척
Korean economy was once growing by leaps and bounds.

156) beyond one’s means: 분수에 맞지 않는
He lives beyond his means.

157) long for: 갈망하다
We are longing for peace.

158) so to speak: 말하자면
He is, so to speak, a walking dictionary.

159) as it were: 말하자면
He is, as it were, a grown-up baby.

160) wait on: ~에게 시중들다
She has no one to wait on her.

161) attend on: 시중들다
She had three servants attending on her.

162) attend to: 주의하다
Attend to your teacher(what your teacher says.)

163) What do you say to+명사(동명사): ~은 어떤가
What do you say to going on a picnic next Sunday?

164) How about+명사(동명사): ~은 어떤가
How about a game of tennis?

165) be possessed with(by):~에 사로잡혀(흘려)있다
I am possessed with the devil and cannot escape.

166) make no difference:아무래도 좋다
It makes no difference (to me) it is large or small.

167) bear~in mind, keep~mind: 명심하다
This fact should be born (kept)in mind.

168) (all) of a sudden: 갑자기
All of a sudden it began to rain.

169) be familiar with+사물, be familiar to+사람: ~을 잘 알고 있다
He is familiar with the subject.=The subject is familiar to him.

170) now(that): ~이므로
Now (that) you are here, I can go shopping.

171) get over: ~을 건너다
Men have got over the difficulties that stand in the way of commerce and industry.

172) substitute A for B: A를 B의 대신으로 하다
We can substitute margarine for butter.

173) what we call: 이른바
He is what we call a genius.

174) come of age: 성년이 되다
My son will come of age next year.

175) (every) now and then now and again: 때때로
Now and then the sound of voices came up out of the distance.

176) in favor of: ~에 찬성하여
Are you in favor of the plan or not?

177) in honor of: ~을 축하해서
A party was held in honor of her safe arrival.

178) make much of, think much of: ~을 중요시하다
I don’t make much of somemistakes in it.

179) make little of, make light of: ~을 얕보다
They made little of his popularity, considerable as it was.

180) think nothing of: ~을 경멸하다
He thinks nothing of walking ten miles a day.

181) not~both: 양쪽이 다~ 이라는 것은 아니다
I do not know both of them.

182) It is no use -ing, It is no good –ing: ~해도 소용없다
It is no use crying over spilt milk.

183) There is no use –ing: ~해도 소용없다
There is no use making an excuse for being late.

184) There is no –ing: ~할 수 없다
There is no telling when he will arrive.

185) take charge of: ~을 떠맡다
Please take charge of my boy when I am away.

186) for nothing: 공짜로
I got the ticket for nothing.

187) for one thing: 첫째로
For one thing he drinks.

188) go through: (고통 따위를)받다
We have gone through many hardships.

189) lest~should, for fear~ may: ~하지 않도록
He walked slowly lest he should slip.

190) give birth to: ~을 낳다
She gave birth to twins.

191) take the place of: ~을 대신하다
Taking the place of his sick father he had to work for his brothers and sisters.

192) inquire after: ~의 안부 (건강)를 묻다
She inquired after your health.

193) inquire into: ~을 조사하다
The police inquired into the case.

194) come across: ~을 우연히 만나다
I was delighted to come across him again.

195) at one’s disposal: ~이 마음대로
The money is at your disposal.

196) take notice of: ~에 주의하다
He listened to my objections, but took no notice of them.

197) take pride in: ~을 자랑하다
She takes pride in her present job.

198) as a matter of fact: 사실은
As a matter of fact, he was pretending to be ill.

199) The chances are that~: 아마도~일 것이다.
The chances are that he will be elected for Busan.

200) It is not until(till)~ that: ~이 되어서 비로소
It was not until he was thirty that he started to paint.

201) give up:그만두다
You should give up smoking and drinking.

202) a good (poor) hand (at): 능숙한 (서투른)사람
Tom is a good hand at baseball.

203) put off: 연기하다
She put off answering the letter.

204) put aside, lay aside: 저축하다
You should put money aside for your old age.

205) be aware of: ~을 알고 있다
He was well aware of his weakness.

206) at the risk of: ~을 걸고
Each day they went after food at the risk of their lives.

207) at the sight of: ~을 보고
At the sight of the teacher the boys ran away.

208) rely on(upon): 의지하다
Rely on me to keep my promise.

209) it follows that: 당연한 결과로서~이 되다
If that is true, it follows that he was not there.

210) by means of: ~에 의하여
We express our thoughts by means of words.

211) look back upon, look back to: 돌아다보다
She used to look back upon her happy school days.

212) have(get)+사물+p.p.: [사물]을 ~시키다
I had my watch mended.
I had my watch stolen.

213) in no way: 결코 (조금도)~않다
She was in no way disappointed at the news.

214) used to+Root: ~하곤 하였다
She used to play a piece or two on the piano before retiring.

215) tell from, know from: ~와~을 구별하다
I can’t tell one twin from the other.

216) be used to, be accustomed to: ~에 익숙하다
I am used to this climate.

217) what ~for?: 무엇 때문에
What did you say that for?

218) what is~like?: 어떤가?
What is he like?

219) what has become of: ~은 어떻게 됐는가
I wonder what has become of him.

220) no matter+의문사~may:~일지라도
It is not true, no matter who may say so.

221) no sooner~than: ~하자마자
No sooner said than done.

222) as soon as, the moment, the instant: ~하자마자
I forget as soon as I learn.
The moment he came in they stood up.
He began to read the instant his father came.

223) look up: (사전에서) 찾다
Look up the word in your dictionary.

224) name after: ~에서 따오다
The child was named after grandfather.

225) make believe: 가장하다
Let’s make believe that we’re Indians.

226) on(upon) -ing: ~하자마자
On reaching the gate they perceive that a man had approached it.

227) specialize in, major in: 전공하다
What did you specialize in at college?

228) watch out (for): ~을 조심하다
Watch out for a storm.

229) once upon a time: 옛날 옛적에
Once upon a time there lived a beautiful princess called Snow White.

230) thanks to: ~의 덕택에
Thanks to his decision, things have come right.

231) be equipped with: ~을 갖추고 있다
All the ships are equipped with wireless apparatus.

232) result in: ~의 결과를 가져오다
The plan resulted in failure.

233) none the less: 역시
It is none the less true.

234) compare~ with: ~와 ~을 비교하다
I hate comparing myself with them.

235) compare~ to: ~을 ~에 비유하다
Life is often compared to a voyage.

236) in one’s place: ~의 대신에
Let me work in your place.

237) on duty: 근무중의
The novelist is always on duty.

238) out of order: 순서가 어긋나
Look at your watch; mine is out of order.

239) be absorbed in: ~에 몰두하다
They were absorbed in baseball.

240) be acquainted with: ~을 알고 있다
He was acquainted with it from the beginning.

241) to one’s heart’s content: 마음껏
She cried to her heart’s content when she was left alone.

242) be anxious for: ~을 갈망하다
He is anxious for wealth.

243) break out: 일어나다
A fire broke out in a neighboring store last night.

244) call names: 욕을 하다
Boys should not call each other names.

245) call off: 취소하다
The examination was suddenly called off.

246) in case: ~의 경우에는
In case it rains the meeting will be postponed.

247) sooner or later: 조만간
Sooner or later things will come all right again.

248) command a fine view: ~의 전망이 좋다
The hotel commands a fine view of the lake.

249) be composed of: ~으로 이루어지다
Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen.

250) be conscious of: ~을 알다
He was not conscious of my presence in the room.

251) be concerned with (in): ~과 관계가 있다
He is concerned with the enterprise.

252) at home: 국내에
He is well known as a great scientist both at home and abroad.
Please make yourself at home.

253) go to sea: 선원이 되다
He longed to go to sea.

254) what+사람+be: 사람됨
Man is happy by what he is.

255) It will not be long before S V: 얼마 안 가서 ~일 것이다
It will not be long before we know the truth.

256) keep~ from –ing: ~하지 못하게 하다
Rain kept me from going there.

257) leave out: 빼다
Leave out my name when sending invitations.

258) for the benefit of: ~을 위하여
We have learned to join with other nations in helpful efforts for the benefit of all.

259) for the sake of, for one’s sake: ~을 위하여
I’ll help you for the sake of our old friendship.

260) at the mercy of: ~의 처분대로
The ship was at the mercy of the wind and the waves.

261) if anything: 어느 편인가 하면, 오히려
But, if anything, things seem to be improving.

262) lose one’s temper: 화를 내다
She entirely lost her temper with me.

263) make oneself at home: 편안히 하다
Make yourself at home and help yourself to anything you like.

264) make oneself understood: 자기 말을 남에게 이해시키다
I could make myself understood in English.

265) suffer from: (~병에) 걸리다
She is suffering from a fever.

266) upside down: 거꾸로
The earth will turn upside down.

267) in pursuit of: ~을 추구하여
We spent the whole day in pursuit of game.

268) lose one’s temper: 화를 내다
She entirely lost her temper with me.

269) make oneself at home: 편안히 하다
Make yourself at home and help yourself to anything you like.

270) owe~to: ~에 힘입고 있다
I owe it to my uncle that I am now so successful.

271) out of sight: ~이 안 보이는
They were still out of sight of land.

272) in behalf of: ~을 위하여
He spoke in behalf of her.

273) on behalf of: ~을 대신 하여
He thanked them on behalf of her.

274) out of the question: 문제가 안 되는
That is out of the question.

275) rise in life, rise in the world: 출세하다
My mother would think I have risen in the world, even if I don’t think so.

276) by halves: 어중간하게
Never do anything by halves.

277) on the ground that: ~이라는 이유로
The teacher ordered me out of the room on the ground that I was impolite.

278) on earth: (강조용법) 도대체
What on earth is the matter?

279) between ourselves, between you and me: 우리끼리 이야기지만
Between ourselves he is a notorious liar.

280) above –ing: ~을 부끄러워하여
He is not above asking questions.

281) be compelled to+Root: 어쩔 수 없이 ~하다
I was compelled to confess(retire).

282) by virtue of: ~에 의하여
He succeeded by virtue do hard work.

283) sum up: 합계를 내다
She summed up bills at the grocery.

284) by twos and threes: 삼삼 오오로
Girls by twos and threes are gathering herbs.

285) frankly speaking, to be frank with you: 솔직히 말해서
Frankly speaking the state was greatly misunderstood by foreign powers.

286) take the lead: 선도하다
Germany had once taken the lead in the commercial aviation in Europe.

287) think over: ~을 숙고하다
I’ll give you three days to think it over.

288) be (get) wet to the skin: 흠뻑 젖다
We were caught in a shower and got wet to the skin.

289) in one’s teens: (나이가) 10대에
Boys and girls in their teens want fun.

290) strictly speaking: 엄밀하게 말해서(말하면)
Most Europeans persist in regarding the bamboo, strictly speaking, as a tropical plant.

291) abound in: 많이 있다
He abounds in courage.

292) exert oneself: 노력하다
Exert yourself for that single object.

293) pay attention to: ~에 주의하다
Pay attention to what your teacher says.

294) to one’s face: 마주보고
Beware of him who commends you to your face.

295) make a face, make faces: 얼굴을 찌푸리다
The children made faces at the teacher.

296) prefer~ to: ~을 더 좋아하다
I prefer to leave it alone.

297) for the time (being), for the present: 당분간
The matter has been settled for the time being.

298) by a hair’s breadth: 근소하게
He escaped being killed by a hair’s breadth during the war.

299) go from bad to worse: 더욱 더 악화하다
Things went from bad to worse.

300) keep on ~ing: 계속하다
He kept on smoking all the time.

301) date from: ~에서 시작되다
His house dates from the 17th century.

302) second to none, next to none: 무엇에도(누구에게도) 뒤 떨어지지 않는
He is determined to be second to none in his work.

303) manage to+Root: 가까스로~하다
I managed to get out at the right station.

304) call for: 요구하다
The letter calls for an early answer.

305) and what not, and the like: ~등
You think about little matters-the rent, the wages, the profits and what not.

306) and so on, and so forth: ~등
The speaker appealed to our honor, love of the country and so forth.

307) that is (to say): 즉, 다시 말하자면
In Switzerland they speak four languages, that is, French, German, Italian and Romanies.

308) right away, right now: 곧
You must make up your mind, and that right away.

309) be willing to+Root: 기꺼이~하다
He is willing to act the part of guide.

310) drop in: ~에 잠깐 들르다
Drop in at my house now, will you?

311) be occupied in: ~에 종사하다
He is now occupied in writing.

312) in person: 몸소
He had better go in person.

313) in one’s company: ~와 함께 있으면
In his company I feel ill at ease.

314) play a role, play a part: 역할을 하다
Language plays a great role in our life.

315) on purpose: 고의로
He insulted me on purpose.

316) consist of:~으로 이루어지다
Human life consists of a succession of small events.

317) consist in: ~에 있다
Happiness consists in contentment.

318) stand for: ~을 나타내다
Black stands for mourning.

319) stand by: 방관하다
I can’t stand by and see them ill-treated.

320) put out: (불을)끄다
Don’t forget to put out the light before going to bed.

321) a short cut: 지름길
We took a short cut to the station.

322) If it were not for: 만일~이 없다면
If it were not for water, we couldn’t live.
If it had not been for your help, he could have failed.

323) in token of: ~의 표시로
Please accept it in token of my gratitude.

324) turn off: (가스, 수도 따위의) 꼭지를 잠그다
Don’t forget to turn off the water.

325) be tired with: ~으로 피곤하다
I was very tired with work.

326) be tired of, be weary of: ~에 싫증이 나다
People will soon be tired of you if you behave in that way.

327) to some extent: 어느 정도, 약간은
Their ancient life still to some extent influences us.

328) to begin with, in the first place: 우선, 첫째로
I should like ,to begin with, to say something of my own college career.

329) for oneself: 스스로, 제힘으로
Man in ancient times had to do almost everything for himself.

330) by oneself: 혼자서
He liked to have a long ramble by himself.

331) in oneself: 본래는, 본질적으로
Advertizing in modern times, has become a business in itself.

332) of oneself: 스스로, 자연히
The fire went out of itself.

333) make sure(of): 확인하다
He made sure of the figures.

334) make sense: 뜻이 통하다, 이치가 닿다
This passage doesn’t make sense.

335) as(so) long as: ~하는 동안은, ~하는 한은, ~하기만 하면
I shall not forget your kindness as long as I live.

336) as(so) far as: ~까지, ~한
I went as far as Jinhae.

337) by way of: ~을 경유해서, ~을 위하여, ~으로서
He went to Paris by way of America.

338) by the way: 그런데
By the way, I have something to tell you.

339) add to: ~이 더하다, 증가하다
This will only add to her misery.

340) with regard to, in regard to: ~에 대하여, ~에 관하여
Let us have the facts with regard to the worst troubles.

341) without regard to: ~에 상관없이, ~을 무시하고
He spends money without regard to the budget.

342) at(the) most: 기껏해야, 많아야
A few more stormy days or weeks at most, and all will be changed.

343) at all: 전혀, 조금도, 도대체, 적어도 ~할 바에는
I don’t speak French at all.

344) in(the) face of: ~와 마주보고, ~에도 불구하고
He acted calmly in the face of imminent death.

345) to the minute: 일 분도 틀리지 않고, 정각에
He is punctual to the minute.

346) believe in: (~의 존재를) 믿다, 좋다고 믿다, (인격, 역량을)믿다.
You should believe in God.
I believe in early in you.

347) see(사람) off: 전송하다
Having nothing to do, he came to see me off at the station.

348) try on: 입어 보다, 시험해 보다.
“Try it on, dear” said her mother “It sill quite suit you!”

349) prior to: 보다 앞에, 보다 먼저
This event was prior to the war.

350) into the bargain: 게다가
I’ll pay a fair reward into the bargain.

351) what is more: 게다가, 그 위에
She is rich and what is more beautiful.

352) come by: 얻다
He came by his immense wealth honestly.

353) in a sense(way, manner): 어떤 의미에서, 얼마간
Indeed in such circumstances, to be poor is, in a sense, an honor.

354) take it easy: 서두르지 않다. 마음 편하게 생각하다.
Take it easy.

355) set up(=establish): 설립하다.
He managed to set up a factory on a large scale.

356) take off: 벗다. 이륙하다.
The stranger took off his hat to me.

357) make a fool of, make fun of: -을 바보 취급하다. -을 놀리다
You should not make fun of the weak.

358) take over: -을 인계하다.
He will take over his father’s business.

359) at once: 곧, 즉시, 동시에
You may as well explain at once what had happened.

360) lose heart: 낙심하다.
We shouldn’t lose heart if we should fail.

361) according to: -에 의하면, -에 따라서
According to the report he is alive.

362) beware of: ~을 조심하다.
Beware of pickpockets!

363) hit on: ~을 생각해 내다.
At last she hit on a plan device.

364) along with: ~와 함께
I sent the book along with other things.

365) for ages: 오랫동안
I haven’t seen you for ages.

366) boast of: -을 자랑하다.
He never boasted of his success.

367) take – for: -을 -이라고 잘못 알다.
You are taking me for somebody else.

368) be responsible for: -에 대하여 책임이 있다.
We will all responsible to God for the gifts he has endowed us with.

369) get rid of(= do away with): -을 제거하다.
A bad habit is easy to get into and hard to get rid of.

370) agree with + 사람: 의견이 일치하다.
I agree with you in the opinion you have expressed.

371) agree to + 사물: (의견)에 동의하다.
We can’t agree to the opinion you have expressed.

372) of late: 최근에
Morning after morning of late I have taken my walk in the same direction.

373) on business: 용무가 있어서
Some people travel on business, some in search of health.

374) on account of: ~때문에
I was absent from school on account of illness.

375) deal in: -을 팔다.
The merchant deals in silk goods.

376) occur to: 생각이 떠오르다
Just then a bright idea occurred to me.

377) in spite of: -에도 불구하고
In spite of all our efforts, the enterprise ended in failure.

378) help oneself to: -을 마음대로 먹다.
Make yourself at home, and help yourself to anything you like.

379) feel like –ing: -을 하고 싶다.
I don’t feel like staying indoors on such a beautiful day.

380) for the first time: 처음으로
He disobeyed his parents for the first time in his life.

381) find fault with (=criticize): -의 흠을 잡다.
I can find no fault with him.

382) for ever (=for good): 영원히
The opportunity once lost, is lost for ever.

383) at first hand: 직접으로
I heard the story of the wreck at first hand from the captain.

384) all the way: 도중 내내
He came running all the way.

385) learn – by heart: 암기하다.
I have learned the poem by heart.

386) in addition (=besides): -에 더하여
He received fifty dollars in addition to his salary.

387) behave oneself: 예의 바르게 행동하다.
He behaved himself like a gentleman.

388) succeed to: -의 뒤를 잇다.
The princess succeeded to the throne.

389) catch up with(=overtake): -을 따라잡다.
She had to work hard in order to catch up with the rest of the class.

390) keep early hours: 일찍 자고 일찍 일어나다.
I used to keep early hours.

391) take part in: -에 참가하다.
Many athletes came to Seoul to
take part in the Olympics.

392) be capable of: -을 할 수 있다.
The car is capable of carrying five people.

393) above all (=first of all): 무엇보다도 먼저
Health is above all things.

394) care for: -을 돌보다, (부정, 의문)좋아하다.
Who cares for the sick?

395) as well: -도 또한
She can speak English, and French as well.

396) by nature: 본래, 선천적 으로
She is artistic by nature.

397) never fail to + 동원: 반드시 -하다.
You will never fail to be moved by the beauty of the sight.

398) as a whole: 대체로
The Koreans, as a whole, are a polite people.

399) on board: 승선하여, 승차하여
The ship had 300 passengers on board.

400) owing to (=because of): -때문에
There was no play owing to the rain.

401) on the spot: 즉석에서
She was run over and killed on the spot.

402) of moment: 중요한
Consider before you speak especially when the business is of moment.

403) look forward to: -을 기대하다.
I am looking forward to your visiting here soon.

404) on the other hand: 다른 한편으로
Food was abundant, but on the other hand water was running short.

405) to the letter: 문자 그대로
He carried out the instructions to the letter.

406) in no time: 즉시, 곧
She will take you down there in no time.

407) under construction: 건축 중인
The new bridge is now under construction.

408) more or less: 다소, 약간
He was more or less drunk.

409) have only to + 동원: -하기만 하면 된다.
You have only to mail the letter.

410) in short: 한마디로 말하면
In short he is not a fixed character.

411) get along: 사이 좋게 지내다.
How are you getting along?

412) in public: 여러 사람 앞에서
He hates to be seen in public.

413) face to face: 마주 바라 보고
She was sitting face to face with the boy.

414) speak ill of :-을 나쁘게 말하다.
Never speak ill of others behind their backs.

415) make up one’s mind: 결심하다.
Once you have made up your mind, begin without delay.

416) set off: 출발하다
He set off over the ice in pursuit of a bear.

417) even if (=even though): 비록 -일지라도
I shall not mind even if she does not come.

418) by all means: 반드시
I’ll come by all means.

419) beyond description: 말로 형용할 수 없을 정도로
The English countryside is beautiful beyond description.

420) give a ride: 태워 주다.
I’ll give you a ride in the new car.

421) set about: -을 시작하다.
We set about repairing our hut.

422) at any cost: 어떤 희생을 치르더라도
I’ll do it at any cost.

423) at random: 닥치는 대로
He spoke at random.

424) out of breath: 숨이 차서
He ran himself out of breath.

425) be similar to: -과 비슷하다.
Your opinion is similar to mine.

426) for sale: 팔려고 내놓은
Not for sale.

427) on and off: 때때로
We visited there on and off.

428) behind one’s back: 남이 없는 데서
It is a mean thing to speak ill of others behind their backs.

429) a point of view : -의 견지에서
We should look at things from a larger point of view.

430) not — but: –이 아니라 -이다.
He is not my son but my nephew.

431) remind – of ; -을 생각나게 하다.
You remind me of your father.

432) have a hard time: 고생하다.
The teacher was a very hard time keeping the pupils quiet.

433) as a rule (=on the whole): 대체로
He is, as a rule, punctual.

434) at first sight: 첫눈에, 얼핏 보기에는
He fell in love with her at first sight.

435) all the year round: 일년 중, 1년 내내
He indulges in some sport or other all the year round.

436) not a few(not a little): 많은
Not a few people were present at the party.

437) from time to time: 때때로
From time to time he kicked the yellow terrier, but it was the bulldog which bit him.

438) up to: -에 종사하다, -까지, 의무(책임)의
What are you up to now?
Up to that time all had gone well.
It is up to you to do so.
It is up to you to prove it.

439) run short of: -이 부족하다, -이 떨어지다.
There is no fear of our running short of food.
We have run short of money.

440) as such: 그런 것으로서
He was a foreigner, and was treated as such.

441) not so much – as : -보다는 오히려
He is not so much a scholar as a writer.

442) give oneself (up) to: -에 전념하다
He gave himself up to self-culture.

443) as – as any: 누구 [어떤것]에도 뒤지지 않게
He is as hardworking as any.

444) as – as ever: 변함없이,여전히, 지금까지 유래가 없는
He is as busy as ever.

445) ten to one: 십중팔구
Ten to one you will be chosen.

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